Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition
Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & NutritionShopping Cart
Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & NutritionBookmark This Page
Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & NutritionSite Map
Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition
Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition
Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition
Select Language:
General Health
Woman's Health
Stress Relief
Immune Booster
Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & NutritionAsk a Doctor
Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition
Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & NutritionPartnership Program
Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition
Types of Amino Acids
Aspartic Acid
Glutamic Acid

Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition
Merchant Services

Nov 14,2019
Arginine R (Arg)
Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition Chemical Properties: Basic (R-group)
Physical Properties: Polar (positively charged)

Arginine, an essential amino acid, has a positively charged guanidino group. Arginine is well designed to bind the phosphate anion, and is often found in the active centers of proteins that bind phosphorylated substrates. As a cation, arginine, as well as lysine, plays a role in maintaining the overall charge balance of a protein.

Arginine also plays an important role in nitrogen metabolism. In the urea cycle, the enzyme arginase cleaves (hydrolyzes) the guanidinium group to yield urea and the L-amino acid ornithine. Ornithine is lysine with one fewer methylene groups in the side chain. L-ornithine is not normally found in proteins.

There are 6 codons in the genetic code for arginine, yet, although this large a number of codons is normally associated with a high frequency of the particular amino acid in proteins, arginine is one of the least frequent amino acids. The discrepancy between the frequency of the amino acid in proteins and the number of codons is greater for arginine than for any other amino acid.

Arginine is a non-essential amino acid and is abundant in protamines and histones – both proteins associated with nucleic acids and was first isolated in 1895 from animal horn. Newborns may produce this amino acid too slowly and for them arginine should be seen as an essential amino acid.

Arginine required for It is extremely useful in enhancing the immune system, and it increases the size and activity of the thymus gland, which is responsible for manufacturing T lymphocytes – the much talked about T-cells, which assist the immune system. For this reason it might be an important nutrient for people suffering from AIDS and other malignant diseases which suppress the immune system. In the pancreas it is used to release insulin and in the pituitary gland it is a component of human growth hormone, and is used in sexual stimulants, as people report longer and more intense orgasms when their intake of arginine is increased.

It is also important in liver health and assists in neutralizing ammonia in the liver, while it is also involved in the skin and connective tissue – making it important in healing and repair of tissue as well as the formation of collagen and building of new bone and tendons.

Arginine is found in seminal fluid and L-arginine is used in the treatment of male sexual health and has been used in the treatment of sterility. It is required in muscle metabolism – maintaining the nitrogen balance, and helping with weight control since it facilitates the increase of muscle mass, while reducing body fat.

Deficiency of arginine Rare – but signs may include impaired insulin production as well as possible hair loss. Dosage Dosage listed is the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA), but be aware that this dosage is the minimum that you require per day, to ward off serious deficiency of this particular nutrient. In the therapeutic use of this nutrient, the dosage is usually increased considerably, but the toxicity level must be kept in mind.

Toxicity and symptoms of high intake Rare, but symptoms of massive dosages may include skin thickening and coarsening of the skin, weakness, diarrhea, nausea, as well as increasing the activity of some viruses. For this reason people suffering from herpes should avoid high dosage. Pregnant and lactating women and people suffering from schizophrenia should also avoid high dosage.

Other interesting points Arginine pyroglutamate, in addition to having cognitive enhancing effects, is an excellent growth hormone releaser because it is carried more efficiently across the blood-brain barrier than arginine alone. In Italy, this form of amino acid is used to treat senility, mental retardation, and alcoholism. Arginine pyroglutamate is an arginine molecule combined with a pyroglutamate molecule. Arginine alone does not produce cognitive enhancing effects.

This nutrient is gaining popularity as a non-prescription treatment for high cholesterol as animal studies and preliminary studies in humans suggest that it may improve coronary blood flow and lower cholesterol levels with its antioxidant property, and helping to keep blood-vessel tissue elastic.

Food sources of arginine Whole-wheat, nuts, seeds, peanuts, brown rice, popcorn, soy, raisins, chocolate, carob. Key Benefits
  • Endothelial support for circulatory health.
  • Promoting protein synthesis and anabolic activity for those with surgical stress, trauma, sepsis and catabolic conditions.
  • Immune support.
  • Urea cycle support.
  • Anabolic response for athletic physique.
  • Conditionally essentials
    1. Non-essential in unstressed animals and humans.
    2. Becomes essential in starvation, injury, or stress.
    3. Increased intake following trauma has beneficial effects by decreasing nitrogen losses and improving the rate of wound healing
    4. Synthesized endogenously from citrulline in the kidneys and brain, although kidneys are the primary source of Arginine for peripheral protein synthesis
    5. Arginine, Lysine, and Ornithine share the same transport system in the intestines, kidneys and blood-brain barrier
  • Functions
    1. Urea cycle intermediate
      a. Effective in protecting animals from ammonia toxication
      b. More effective in ammonia detoxification than Ornithine
    2. Proteogenic
    3. Glycogenic
    4. Growth Hormone
      a. IV administration to adult humans in doses of 30 g in 30 min (0.5 g/kg in children) causes a marked increase in human pituitary growth hormone secretion.
      b. Liver arginase activity (Arginine to Ornithine) is very high, releasing very little Arginine into the plasma.
    5. Insulin
      a. Arginine has a strongest insulinogenic effect equal to the infusion of all the essential amino acids.
    6. Wound healing
      a. increased thymus weight
      b. increased thymic lymphocyte cellularity
      c. increased thymocyte blastogenesis to stimuli
      d. increased allograft rejection
      e. increased peripheral blood lymphocyte blastogenesis to stimuli
      f. decreased tumor size
      g. in humans, decreased thymus involution
    7. Reproduction
      a. involved in spermatogenesis
      b. clinical results with Arginine increasing fertility range from negative to excellent
    Adult Reference Ranges

    LowNormal (4.6-15 micromol/100 ml)High
    Immune Deficiency Syndrome

  • Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition
    Home-Heath A-Z-Amino Acids-Health News-Amino Acid Test-FAQ's-About AmCaid-Contact Us-Shipping-Terms & Privacy
    Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition
    Low Price Amino Acids Vitamins & Nutrition