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Types of Amino Acids
Alanine
Arginine
Aspartic Acid
Citrulline
Cysteine
Cystine
Glutamic Acid
Glutamine
Glycine
Histidine
Isoleucine
Leucine
Lysine
Methionine
Ornithine
Phenylalanine
Proline
Serine
Threonine
Tyrosine
Valine

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Dec 14,2017
Glycine G (Gly)
Chemical Properties: Aliphatic (Aliphatic R-group)
Physical Properties: Nonpolar

Glycine is the smallest of the amino acids. It is ambivalent, meaning that it can be inside or outside of the protein molecule. In aqueous solution at or near neutral pH, glycine will exist predominantly as the zwitterion

The isoelectric point or isoelectric pH of glycine will be centered between the pKas of the two ionizable groups, the amino group and the carboxylic acid group. In estimating the pKa of a functional group, it is important to consider the molecule as a whole. For example, glycine is a derivative of acetic acid, and the pKa of acetic acid is well known. Alternatively, glycine could be considered a derivative of aminoethane.

Glycine is a sweet tasting, non-essential amino acid that was first isolated in 1820 from gelatin and is also found in good quantity in silk fibroin. This nonessential nutrient can be manufactured from serine and threonine, so dietary intake is not essential.

Glycine is required for
It is required to build protein in the body and synthesis of nucleic acids, the construction of RNA as well as DNA, bile acids and other amino acids in the body. It is further found to be useful in aiding the absorption of calcium in the body.

It helps in retarding degeneration of muscles since it helps to supply extra creatine in the body.

It is also found in fairly large amounts in the prostate fluid and may for this reason be important in prostate health.

The glycine amino acid is also used by the nervous system and its function as an inhibitory neurotransmitter makes it important to help prevent epileptic seizures and it is also used in the treatment of manic depression and hyperactivity.

Deficiency of glycine
Few people are glycine deficient, in part because the body makes its own supply of the non-essential amino acids, and because it is abundant in food sources.

Dosage
The dosage listed is the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA), but be aware that this dosage is the minimum that you require per day, to ward off serious deficiency of this particular nutrient. In the therapeutic use of this nutrient, the dosage is usually increased considerably, but the toxicity level must be kept in mind.

Toxicity and symptoms of high intake
No clear toxicity has emerged from glycine studies, however individuals with kidney or liver disease should not consume high intakes of amino acids without consulting a health care professional.

When more may be required
In a study where men were given extra glycine over a period of time, it reduced the symptoms of prostatic hyperplasia.

Other interesting points
If the amino acid serine is required in the body, it can be converted from glycine.

Food sources of glycine
High protein food contains good amounts of glycine and is present in fish, meat, beans, and dairy products.
  • Promotes Gluconeogenesis.
  • Formulation of collagen, and found in skin and connective tissue.
  • Promoting synthesis of creatine to help prevent degeneration of muscle tissue and may have an effect on Muscular Dystrophy and other degenerative muscular disorders.
  • Central nervous system by functioning as an inhibitory neurotransmitter and may have an effect on Epilepsy.
  • Improper metabolism involved in non-Ketotic Hyperglycemia.
  • Participating in the synthesis of purines, porphyrins, and glyoxylic acid.
  • Prostate health.
  • Involved in bile acid metabolism and gastrointestinal function.


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